New Therapy Increases Melanin in Patients with Albinism

A medication used to treat tyrosinemia has been shown to increase melanin production in some people with oculocutaneous albinism type 1B. By increasing melanin production, the medication, nitisinone, could help protect people with albinism against UV rays and help improve their vision, which can also be affected by the condition.

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History of smoking decreases survival rate in melanoma patients

Skin cancer patients with a history of smoking have a significantly lower survival rate than skin cancer patients who do not smoke. Smoking cigarettes decreases survival rate in melanoma patients by 40 per cent according to a new study published by the medical journal Cancer Research (Feb. 17, 2019).

Melanoma survival rate in US higher in states with more diagnosed cases

Patients in the United States who live in a state with a higher incidence of melanoma are more likely to survive the disease. Conversely, Americans who live in a state with a lower incidence of melanoma are less likely to survive the disease. Researchers believe that this seeming contradiction might be a result of better detection in more well-funded regions leading to better outcomes.